Abstract 211: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/Automated External Defibrillator Olympic Competition Enhances Resuscitation Skills in High School Students
Introduction: Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) rates are 15-30%. We aimed to help students develop innovative CPR/AED (automated external defibrillator) training programs in Philadelphia high schools and to assess their efficacy.
Hypothesis: Harnessing adolescent characteristics of teamwork, competitiveness, and creativity will produce novel and effective methods of learning resuscitation skills.
Methods: Health education classes in 15 Philadelphia School District high schools were selected, with 1 control and 1 study intervention group per school. Both groups completed CPR/AED pre- and post-tests to assess cognitive knowledge and psychomotor skills. After pre-tests, both groups were taught CPR skills and AED use by their health teacher. Study groups developed innovative programs to learn, teach, and retain CPR/AED skills. The study culminated with the CPR/AED Olympic event in a sports stadium with study group students from 12 schools competing in multiple CPR/AED skills events including a Mock Code and CPR/AED program presentations. Outcomes included post-tests, Mock Code (17 performance factors), and presentation scores with analysis using paired student's t tests.
Results: Students' cognitive and psychomotor skills improved with standard classroom education programs (p<0.0001). Competition with other schools at the CPR/AED Olympics and the development of their own student-directed education programs resulted in further remarkable improvements. Participants averaged 93.1% on the Mock Code with 10 of 12 schools ≥94%.
Conclusion: Students who developed creative and novel methods of teaching and learning resuscitation skills showed outstanding application of these skills in a Mock Code. Harnessing adolescent characteristics of teamwork, competitiveness, and creativity produced novel and effective methods of teaching resuscitation skills, potentially empowering a new generation of effectively trained CPR bystanders.
- © 2011 by American Heart Association, Inc.