Abstract 208: Achieving the 2010 AHA Guideline Metrics for CPR Quality Is Associated with Improved Survival from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest
Objective: The 2010 AHA Guidelines stress the need for minimally interrupted, high quality CPR. We performed a prospective, before/after trial to determine if real-time audiovisual feedback (RTAVF) along with scenario-based training (SBT) would 1) achieve the 2010 CPR targets and 2) improve survival from OHCA.
Methods: Data obtained from EMS care forms and defibrillators (E Series, ZOLL) from 2 EMS agencies (population base-500,000). Phase 1 (P1, before): 18 months of baseline data with the RTAVF mode disabled (9/08-3/10).
Interventions: 1) Guideline-based SBT of ~450 EMTs, 2) RTAVF enabled, 3) EMT post-code debriefings. Phase 2 (P2, after): 8 months following implementation of interventions (5/10-12/10). For univariate analyses we used Fisher's exact test (proportions), t-test (means) or Kruskal-Wallis test (medians). To estimate odds ratios for survival to hospital discharge we used multivariable logistic regression and assessed final model diagnostics, fit, and discrimination.
Results: The final analysis included 284 adult OHCAs (P1-176, P2-108). Mean age 65.4 years (SD ± 15.3) with 66.6% males. Quality measures improved significantly from P1 to P2: Median (Interquartile range) chest compression (CC) rate-121 CC/min (109-135) to 101 CC/min (100-106), p <0.001; CC depth-1.73 in. (1.42-1.97) to 2.09 in. (1.92-2.3), p <0.001; CC fraction-66.5% (59.3-75.9%) to 84.0% (77.8-88.7%), p <0.001. All-rhythms survival increased significantly (p=0.034) from P1 to P2 (18/176, 10.2% vs. 23/108, 19.4%), an absolute survival increase of 9.2% (95% CI: 0.5%-17.9%). Crude odds ratio for survival for P2 vs. P1 was 2.1 (95% CI: 1.1-4.2) and adjusted odds ratio was 5.8 (95% CI: 1.8-18.9), after controlling for confounders including age, sex, location, witnessed arrest, initial rhythm, and therapeutic hypothermia. Survival for arrests with a shockable rhythm was 27.7% (18/65) for P1 and 53.9% (14/26) for P2 (p=0.028).
Conclusion: RTAVF combined with SBT was associated with a significant improvement in the proportion of compressions meeting the 2010 AHA Guidelines. This intervention was associated with a 90% relative increase in overall survival. We believe this is the first report to show an improvement in OHCA survival by achieving the 2010 AHA CPR Guidelines.
- © 2011 by American Heart Association, Inc.