Abstract 2: Intra-arrest Induction of Therapeutic Hypothermia via Large-Volume Ice-Cold Saline Infusion Improves Immediate Outcomes for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest
Background: New York City Project Hypothermia is a collaborative effort involving the Fire Department of New York (FDNY), Greater New York Hospital Association, Health and Hospitals Corporation, the Regional Emergency Medical Advisory Committee, and the New York State Department of Health. As part of this effort, the FDNY implemented a pilot protocol in the New York City 9-1-1 System on August 1, 2010 that introduced the induction of therapeutic hypothermia during initial resuscitation efforts via large-volume ice-cold saline infusion.
Purpose: We sought to assess the effects of this protocol on immediate survival end-points following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OOHCA).
Methods: OOHCA data was analyzed for the following periods: August 1, 2009 - May 31, 2010 (historicalcontrol group) and August 1, 2010 - May 31, 2011 (study group). Except for the intra-arrest induction of hypothermia, no other aspect of the regional resuscitation protocols differed between the two periods. Standard Utstein definitions were utilized. Due to the large sample sizes, Chi-square analyses without Yates' correction were utilized, and a p <0.05 was considered significant.
Results: 5,582 resuscitations for nontraumatic adult cardiac arrests during the control period were compared to 4,727 resuscitations in the study period that included the intra-arrest induction of hypothermia. The groups did not differ with respect to age, response time, bystander witnessed status, or frequency of bystander CPR. Patients in the study period were less likely to be male (52.3% vs 54.6%, p = 0.019), less likely to be white (32.8% vs 35.1%, p = 0.013), and less likely to have an EMS-witnessed arrest (8.3% vs 9.5%, p=0.026). Return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and sustained ROSC were improved in the study group as compared to the control group: 31.7% vs 29.0% (p=0.003) and 24.1% vs 21.9% (p=0.0014), respectively.
Conclusion: The initiation of therapeutic hypothermia via large volume, ice-cold saline infusion results in improved immediate survival for non-traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. To our knowledge, this is the first report to describe the use of intra-arrest hypothermia in humans and to demonstrate such an effect.
- © 2011 by American Heart Association, Inc.