Abstract 17354: Aortic Stenosis in Women vs. Men: Differential Severity to Calcification Load Relationship
Introduction: Aortic Stenosis (AS) is a common valve disease of the adult, caused by calcification of aortic cusps. The relationship between cusp calcification and severity of AS has been established mostly in men and it is unclear whether the calcification process and its relation to AS severity is similar in women
Hypothesis: We hypothesized that the physiologic relation between aortic valve calcification (AVC) load and AS severity is different in men and women and that lower calcification loads may lead to severe AS in women
Methods: We prospectively performed high resolution computed tomography (CT) without contrast in 679 patients with AS (Aortic valve area (AVA) <2cm2, Mean gradient ≥10 mmHg) at two academic centers (Rochester, MN; Paris, France) to measure AVC scores and compare these to the hemodynamic obstruction measured by Echo-Doppler.
Results: Women vs. men were older (76±11 vs 74±11, p<0.0001) with slightly higher ejection fraction (62±12 vs 59±13, p=0.001) but AS severity was similar (AVA/body surface area 0.55±0.2 vs 0.56±0.2 cm2/m2; Peak velocity 4±1 vs 3.9±1 m/s; Mean gradient 41±21 vs 38±18 mmHg, all p≥0.1). Yet, AVC load was lower in women vs men, score absolute or normalized for LVOT area (551±383 vs 626±399 all p<0.0001). For those with severe AS (Mean gradient >40 mmHg), AVC scores were 2433±1412 in women vs 3805±1587 in men. Multivariate analysis adjusting for age, BSA, LVOT area and mean gradient, confirmed that severe AS was achieved with lower AVC load in women (all p<0.0001).
Conclusions: In this large multicenter AS population, women reached similar AS severity than males for lower calcium loads, even after adjustment for lower body and LVOT size. Hence the relation between valvular calcification process and severity of AS differs in women vs. men. Thus, future studies are needed to determine the differential mechanism of aortic calcification in men and women and diagnostic consideration must be given to gender in the interpretation of AS severity by AVC load.
- © 2011 by American Heart Association, Inc.