Abstract 16902: Quantification of Coronary Flow Reserve in Normal Subjects Using Regadenoson Vasodilator Stress Real-Time Contrast Echocardiography: A Feasibility Study
Background: Regadenoson is a selective A2A receptor agonist that is administered as a fixed dose bolus with rapid onset (∼30 sec), and short duration (∼2-4 min) of action. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of real-time myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) for quantification of coronary flow reserve (CFR) in healthy humans during regadenoson vasodilator stress.
Methods: Fifteen subjects [3 males, age: 45.8±5.2 years, BMI 23.8±2.3 kg/m2] with normal LV wall motion and no CAD underwent real-time MCE. Three standard apical LV views were acquired during a continuous intravenous (IV) infusion of Definity (1.3 ml in 60 cc 0.9% saline at 200 ml/hr) at rest and during vasodilator stress (regadenoson 400 ug IV bolus). Following transient microbubble destruction, microbubble velocity (β, sec-1), myocardial blood volume (A, dB) and myocardial blood flow (MBF, dB/sec) were determined. Videodensitometric quantification using a 16-segment model at end-systole was performed off-line.
Results: Quantification of reserve parameters was feasible in all (15/15) patients, 188/240 segments (78%)[82%, 80% and 70% of 4-, 2-, 3-chambers apical views] and 43/45 (95%) coronary territories [one each of Cx and RCA territories were not feasible]. Augmentation from baseline to vasodilator stress was observed for both ß (s-1) [0.65± 0.25 vs 0.79± 0.21, P=0.031] and MBF (dB/sec) [2.85± 1.43 vs 4.65± 2.06, P= 0.002], however A (dB) did not change [06.62± 2.57 vs 6.79±2.1, P=0.463]. CFR measurements from all views were similar (Fig 1). There was no significant difference between CFR measured in the 3 coronary territories, although some heterogeneity was noted in the posterior circulation CFR (Fig 2).
Conclusion: Real-time MCE during Regadenoson vasodilator stress is feasible, and is a useful technique for the rapid noninvasive quantification of CFR in healthy humans.
- © 2011 by American Heart Association, Inc.