Abstract 16892: Trends in the Presentation, Diagnosis and Outcomes of Acute Aortic Dissection Over 15 Years, From the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection (IRAD).
Introduction/Purpose: To examine trends in patient presentation, diagnosis and outcomes of acute aortic dissection over 15 years since the original report from the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection (IRAD).
Methods: Patient data were collected at 28 international referral centers from 1996 up to the present. Trends were analyzed among 3275 patients divided according to date of enrollment into 6 equal groups and by Type: A (n=2110) or B (n=1165).
Results: There was no change over time in the presenting complaints of severe or worst ever pain for Type A and Type B (90% and 96%, respectively), or in the incidence of chest pain ( 80% in Type A and 70% in Type B, respectively), with considerable overlap in chest vs. back pain between types. The report of pulse deficits did not change over time, present in 30% of Type A patients. Normal chest X-ray on presentation increased in Type A acute aortic dissection (AoD) from 13.7% to 31.3% over time (p-value for trend <0.001). In Type B the report of normal chest X-ray increased from 19.9% to 40.9% (p-value for trend <0.001). There were significant trends in initial imaging modalities for Type A: increased use of CT (from 49.4% to 71.6%, p-value for trend <0.001) and decreased use of TEE (from 45.3% to 25.4%, p-value for trend <0.001). For Type B, use of CT increased from 77.2% to 88.4% (p-value for trend .013). A decrease in overall mortality over time was significant for both Type A and Type B patients (see graph). Surgical mortality in Type A patients fell from 25.3% to 16.5% (p-value for trend 0 .003).
Conclusions: No significant difference was seen over time in pain severity, chest pain, and presence of pulse deficits. The incidences of a normal chest X-ray, originally thought to be uncommon in dissection cases, increased over time to 30% in Type A and 40% in Type B AoD. Use of CT as the initial imaging modality increased for both Type A and Type B. Lastly, a significant decrease in overall mortality was seen for both Type A and Type B patients.
- © 2011 by American Heart Association, Inc.