Abstract 102: CPR/AED Apps: What's Out There and Are They a Reliable Source of Public Lifesaving Information?
Introduction: Although there are an increasing number of CPR and AED cell phone applications (Apps) available, there are no scientific reviews of the spectrum of these Apps, rather only sporadic reviews in PC magazines by non health care professionals, as is routine for reviews of entertainment Apps.
Objective: To identify available CPR and AED Apps in the public domain and evaluate their design and compliance with current CPR guidelines.
Methods A qualitative technical review by an interdisciplinary team was conducted January 2011 to identify and evaluate CPR/AED Apps. A search of healthcare and apps databases was performed across all App platforms using key words - CPR, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, AED, first aid, emergency care. Each app identified was evaluated for App size, origin and developers, design, technical, ergonomic /user interface, clinical aspects, inclusion of the October 2010 American Heart Association guidelines and cost.
Results: A total of 54 English language CPR and/or AED Apps were found. The Apps came from eight countries - USA, Canada, UK, New Zealand, Australia, Singapore, Italy, Czechoslovakia, There were no standards identified for requirements for usability or App interface design for CPR/AED Apps. The CPR/AED App size ranged from 0.07 to 80.5 MB. Only 11/54 Apps were < 1MB and 7/54 were >4 MB, 8/54 Apps were AED only related, of which 7/8 were AED locator Apps, and 1 was an interactive instructional AED use App. Interactive dynamic feedback on CPR performance with accelerometer use and metronome with visual and auditory support was a feature in 4/54 of the Apps. Only 4/54 were updated to meet the October 2010 AHA CPR guidelines. Only one App had undergone preliminarily study for operational validation. CPR App purchase cost ranged from free to US$20.
Conclusion: Integration of the October 2010 AHA CPR guidelines was addressed by fewer than 10% of CPR Apps available in the public domain identified in this study in January 2011. The majority of the Apps were not free. There is a need for uniform standards for design, usability, access to and clinical effectiveness of these technologies. CPR and AED instruction Apps deserve more technical oversight than entertainment Apps.
- © 2011 by American Heart Association, Inc.