Abstract 66: Comparison of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Skills Long After The Training Between 45-min Simplified Chest Compression-only Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training and 180-min Conventional Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Introduction: Educational advantage of simplified chest compression-only CPR training has been suggested, but rescuers' CPR skills long after the training is still unclear. [Objective] To compare the CPR skills long after the 45-min chest compression-only CPR training with the 180-min conventional CPR training one year after the training.
Method: Designs: A randomized controlled trial. Participants: General public aged 18 years or older. Intervention: The participants were randomly assigned to either the 45-min training program of chest compression-only CPR using a personal manikin or the 180-minute training program of conventional CPR with ventilations. Data collection: Six month and one year after the training, participants' resuscitation skills were evaluated by a 2-min case-based scenario test with the automated skill reporting system. Outcomes: The primary outcome were the number of appropriate chest compressions during 2-min test period one year after the training and its proportion calculated as the actual number of appropriate chest compressions over the theoretically attainable number based on the international guideline.
Result: 146 participants were enrolled, and 63 in the chest compression-only CPR group and 56 in the conventional CPR group completed this study. Although, total number of chest compressions one year after the training was significantly greater in the chest compression-only CPR group, the numbers of appropriate chest compressions were similar in the both groups and far less than the theoretically attainable numbers regardless of type of CPR training (Table) .
Conclusion: The 45-min simplified chest compression-only CPR training can similarly make general public perform adequate chest compressions compared as conventional CPR training program. Further efforts to improve and maintain lay rescuers CPR skills such as short retention course should be considered.
- © 2010 by American Heart Association, Inc.