Abstract 268: The Attitudes Toward the Performance of Bystander Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Japan in 2010
Objective: The importance of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has been getting understanding and the training courses of CPR have been increasing in Japan. Our previous study in 2006 showed that most laypeople and health care providers are unlikely to perform chest compression (CC) plus mouth-to-mouth ventilation (MMV), but are more likely to perform CC only, as also found in 1998. The present study was identified Japanese attitudes toward the performance of bystander CPR in 2010.
Methods: Participants were asked about their willingness to perform CPR with varying 5 scenarios (performing CPR on a stranger, a trauma patient, a child, an elderly person, and a relative) and CPR techniques (MMV plus CC versus CC). These data were compared with those in 1998 and 2006.
Results: A total of 2785 individuals (male 45 %) completed the questionnaire, including high school students, teachers, medical nurses, and medical students. About 71 % of them had experienced the CPR training more than once. On a stranger, about 16 % of high school students, 28 % of teachers, 18 % of medical nurses and 22 % of medical students claimed they would ‘definitely’ person MMV plus CC. However, 59–95 % claimed they prefer the alternative of performing CC alone. On a trauma patient, about 18 % of high school students, 23 % of teachers, 13 % of medical nurses and 11 % of medical students claimed they would ‘definitely’ person MMV plus CC. However, 57–91 % claimed they prefer the alternative of performing CC alone. In both scenarios, respondents claimed their unwillingness to perform MMV is not due to the fear of contracting a communicable disease, but the lack of confidence in their ability to perform CPR properly, that was same as in 1998 and 2006.
Conclusion: These findings suggest that better training MMV together with teaching awareness that CC alone can be given may be instituted to maximize the number of potential providers of CPR in the community.
- © 2010 by American Heart Association, Inc.