Abstract 19304: Muscle Function In Adult Patients With Congenital Heart Disease
Background: Due to improvements in care an increasing number of adult patients with congenital heart disease (ACHD) reach adulthood. While it is known that these patients have a reduced aerobic capacity, compared to healthy persons, their muscle function has not been assessed before.
Purpose: To assess muscle function in a sample of Swedish patients with ACHD seen at regularly visits in a specialized adult congenital heart unit.
Methods: During April 2009 to March 2010, 432 out-patients were assessed and screened for the possibility and individual need to take part in tests of physical function. The patients performed muscle function tests for isotonic shoulder flexion and heel rise, isometric shoulder abduction, handgrip and knee extension.
Results: One hundred and thirty seven patients (32%) performed the tests and the results are presented in table 1. Two hundred and ninety five patients (68%) did not perform the tests; 31 % declined to participate, 5 % due to medical reasons, 8% were pregnant, 16 % were not invited and 40% due to other reasons.
Conclusions: This is the first report of muscle function in a broad and unselected group of patients with ACHD. Our data shows that patients with ACHD have a reduced isotonic muscle function. The impacts of the reduced muscle function in activities of daily living and if muscle function could be improved with exercise training needs further investigation.
- © 2010 by American Heart Association, Inc.