Abstract 17304: Web-Based 12-Week Activity Intervention (American Heart Association Choose to Move Program) Improved Compliance with Guideline Recommendations
Background: Increased activity is associated with reduction of cardiac risk factors and prevention of cardiac disease. We evaluated results of the American Heart Association (AHA) web-based Choose to Move program for women (2006-07) for improving activity and quality of life.
Methods: Participants received 12 weekly activity modules and completed surveys on activity, quality of life, and readiness for activity at registration (“registration cohort”, N=3,796) or at registration and program completion (“evaluation cohort”, N=892). Quality of life was assessed with a modified RAND 36-Item Health Survey that included subscores for energy and well-being.
Results: Survey participants were women aged 35 to 54. Participants showed significant (p<0.001) favorable changes in activity (baseline median 240 [interquartile range, 62-667] kcal/wk; versus completion 343 [131-828] kcal/wk), readiness for activity, and BMI (baseline 29.3 [24.9-34.7] kg/m2; versus completion 28.9 [24.6-34.2] kg/m2). Significant improvements (p<0.0001) were also noted for composite scores for energy (baseline 50 [35-60]; versus completion 60 [45-70]) and well-being (baseline 68 [56- 80]; versus completion 76 [60-84]). Total compliance with activity guideline recommendations increased from 15.8% at baseline to 21.4% at program completion. Program weeks completed (p=0.03), energy (p=0.04), and well-being (p=0.002) were significantly associated with activity guideline compliance. Among those reporting no activity whatsoever at baseline (N=88), program participation resulted in 54.6% achieving some activity and another 9.1% achieving total compliance with guideline recommendations.
Conclusion: In this national cohort of women, 12-week web-based intervention significantly improved activity and quality of life measures, resulting in higher short-term activity guideline compliance and better quality of life. Increasing use of this simple web-based tool could improve activity and promote disease prevention.
- © 2010 by American Heart Association, Inc.