Abstract 14618: Predictors of Hospital Mortality in Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery Patients Requiring Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump Support
Background: Intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) support has been reported to improve survival in high risk patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). However, predictors of mortality in this patient population remain unclear. Aim: to examine mortality predictors in CABG patients requiring IABP support
Methods: We reviewed data from our prospective cardiac surgery database of all patients (n=2793) undergoing CABG from January 2003 through December 2006. The Mann-Whitney test was used to test for differences in continuous variables between preoperative IABP groups, while the Chi-square test was used for categorical variables. Stepwise Cox-proportional hazards regression model was used to identify independent predictors of hospital mortality in IABP patients.
Results: There were 313 patients who required IABP support either prior to, during, or after CABG. Mortality rate was 10.9% compared to 0.77% mortality in the non-IABP group (p<0.0001). Stepwise Cox-proportional hazards regression analysis revealed the following variables as independent predictors of mortality: EuroSCORE (HR 1.19, 95% CI = 1.11 – 1.28, p<0.0001); preoperative creatinine (HR 1.004, 95% CI = 1.0004 to 1.007, p= 0.03); and timing of IABP: intraoperative IABP (HR 5.5528, 95% CI = 2.31 – 13.4, p = 0.00013); postoperative IABP (HR 4.6, 95% CI = 1.98 to 10.7, p= 0.0004). Age, diabetes mellitus, ejection fraction and gender were not predictive of mortality.
Conclusions: Intraoperative and postoperative IABP were independent predictors of mortality, thereby suggesting that early preoperative IABP may help to reduce mortality. EuroSCORE may help to identify high-risk patients who may benefit from preoperative IABP.
- Aortocoronary bypass
- Artificial heart/Cardiac support devices
- Coronary artery disease
- Heart surgery
- © 2010 by American Heart Association, Inc.