Abstract 13908: SHP2 Plays an Essential Role for Gp130-dependent Cardiomyocyte Hypertrophy through Negative Regulation of Skeletal Apha-actin Gene
Background: Morphological and biochemical phenotypes of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy are determined by neurohumoral factors. Stimulation of G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) results in uniform cell enlargement in all directions with an increase in skeletal α-actin (α-SKA) gene expression, while stimulation of gp130 receptor by interleukin-6 (IL-6)-related cytokines induces longitudinal elongation with no increase in α-SKA gene expression. Thus, α-SKA is a discriminating marker for hypertrophic phenotypes; however, regulatory mechanisms of α-SKA gene expression remain unknown. Here, we clarified the role of SH2-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase 2 (SHP2) in α-SKA gene expression.
Methods and Results: In neonatal rat cardiomyocytes, endothelin-1 (ET-1), a GPCR agonist, but not leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), an IL-6-related cytokine, induced RhoA activation and promotes α-SKA gene expression via RhoA. In contrast, LIF, but not ET-1, induced activation of SHP2 in cardiomyocytes, suggesting that SHP2 might negatively regulate α-SKA gene expression downstream of gp130. Therefore, we examined the effect of adenovirus-mediated overexpression of wild-type SHP2 (SHP2WT), dominant-negative SHP2 (SHP2C/S), or β-galactosidase (β-gal), on α-SKA gene expression. LIF did not upregulate α-SKA mRNA in cardiomyocytes overexpressing either β-gal or SHP2WT. In cardiomyocytes overexpressing SHP2C/S, LIF induced upregulation of α-SKA mRNA, which was abrogated by concomitant overexpression of either C3-toxin or dominant-negative RhoA. RhoA was activated after LIF stimulation in the cardiomyocytes overexpressing SHP2C/S, but not in myocytes overexpressing β-gal. Next, we examined activation of ERK5 which is responsible for LIF-induced cardiomyocyte elongation. LIF induced activation of ERK5 in cardiomyocytes overexpressing either β-gal or SHP2WT, but not in those overexpressing SHP2C/S. Consistently, LIF induced cardiomyocyte elongation in cardiomyocytes overexpressing either β-gal or SHP2WT, but not in those overexpressing SHP2C/S.
Conclusion: These findings indicate that SHP2 negatively regulates α-SKA expression via RhoA inactivation and suggest that SHP2 implicates ERK5 in cardiomyocyte elongation downstream of gp130.
- © 2010 by American Heart Association, Inc.