Primary Angioplasty Versus Fibrinolysis in Acute Myocardial Infarction
Long-Term Follow-Up in the Danish Acute Myocardial Infarction 2 Trial
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Background— The Danish Acute Myocardial Infarction 2 (DANAMI-2) study found that primary angioplasty (primary percutaneous coronary intervention [pPCI]) compared with fibrinolysis reduced 30-day adverse events in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. The present study investigated whether the benefit of pPCI was maintained at a long-term follow-up.
Methods and Results— We randomly assigned 1572 patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction—1129 patients at referral hospitals and 443 patients at invasive hospitals—to pPCI or fibrinolysis. Median time from randomization to arrival in the catheterization laboratory for patients admitted to referral hospitals was 67 minutes, with 96% of patients arriving in the catheterization laboratory within 120 minutes. The primary study end point was a composite of death or reinfarction. Median follow-up time was 7.8 years. For the primary end point, 8-year cumulative incidence (1-Kaplan–Meier) was 34.8% in the pPCI group and 41.3% in the fibrinolysis group (hazard ratio, 0.78; 95% confidence interval, 0.66 to 0.92). Reinfarction rates were reduced in the pPCI group (11.7% versus 18.5%; hazard ratio, 0.60; 95% confidence interval, 0.46 to 0.77). Among patients randomized at referral hospitals, pPCI reduced reinfarction (13% versus 18.5%; hazard ratio, 0.66; 95% confidence interval, 0.49 to 0.89) and mortality (26.7% versus 33.3%; hazard ratio, 0.78; 95% confidence interval, 0.63 to 0.97).
Conclusions— The benefit of pPCI over fibrinolysis was maintained at a long-term follow-up. pPCI reduced the risk of reinfarction in the overall cohort and reduced reinfarction and mortality among patients randomized at referral hospitals. This result reinforces that pPCI should be offered to ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients when interhospital transport to an invasive hospital can be completed within 120 minutes.
Received April 14, 2009; accepted February 4, 2010.