Abstract 4212: Does Intravascular Ultrasound Guidance for Patients Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Acute Myocardial Infarction Impact Outcome?
Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the utility of routine intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent implantation.
Background: Stent thrombosis (ST) is a serious complication of PCI with stent implantation for patients presenting with acute MI. Mechanical factors such as incomplete stent expansion and smaller stent diameters are known to correlate with ST and restenosis. IVUS guidance for stent deployment is reported to reduce these events in stable patients.
Methods: We analyzed a cohort of 905 consecutive patients who underwent primary PCI for acute MI and were discharged alive. The clinical outcomes of 382 patients who underwent IVUS-guided PCI were compared to those of 523 patients who did not. Patients who presented with cardiogenic shock and rescue PCI were excluded. The primary composite endpoint of death, MI, and target lesion revascularization at 1-year follow-up was systematically indexed.
Results: Patients undergoing IVUS-guided PCI were older, were more often diabetic and hypertensive, but presented with less history of previous MI. The severity of coronary artery disease was balanced between both groups. The number of treated lesions and stents used was higher in the IVUS-guided group, with a longer procedural duration. The overall rates of the composite primary outcome were similar (14.5% vs 14.3%, p=0.4) as were the rates of definite and probable stent thrombosis at 1 year (2.1% vs 2.1%, p=0.99) in the IVUS-guided and no-IVUS groups, respectively. (Table⇓) After multivariate adjustment, IVUS guidance was not an independent predictor for the primary endpoint.
Conclusion: This study does not support the routine use of IVUS guidance for stent deployment in patients who present with acute MI and undergo primary PCI.