Abstract 1080: The Effect of Further Cholesterol Reduction With Ezitimibe on Myocardial Ischemia in Patients With Coronary Disease
Background: Cholesterol lowering is associated with a reduction in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Statins are the main drugs for cholesterol lowering. Ezetimibe when added to statins gives further reduction in cholesterol but its long-term effect on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and ischemic events is not known. This study sought to determine whether further cholesterol lowering with ezitimibe will also results in a reduction of myocardial ischemia during daily life.
Methods: We enrolled 50 patients with proven stable coronary artery disease (CAD) and at least one episode of ST-segment depression on ambulatory ECG monitoring. All of them were receiving optimal therapy for CAD including statin therapy for cholesterol reduction. 25 patients were randomized to continue their statin therapy (Statin only group) and 25 to recieve statin plus Ezitimibe 10mg/day (ezitimibe group). Serum cholesterol and LDL cholesterol levels and ambulatory monitoring were repeated after 4 to 6 months of therapy. The two groups were comparable with respect to baseline characteristics, number of episodes of ST-segment depression, and baseline serum cholesterol levels.
Results: The ezitimibe group had lower mean total and LDL cholesterol levels at study end and experienced a significant reduction in the number of episodes of ST-segment depression compared with the statin only group. ST-segment depression was completely resolved in 13 of 25 patients (52%) in the ezitimibe group versus 3 of 25 (12%) in the statin only group. The ezitimibe group exhibited a highly significant reduction in ambulatory ischemia (P<.001). By logistic regression, treatment with ezitimibe was an independent predictor of ischemia resolution.
Conclusions: Further cholesterol lowering with ezitimibe can result in reduction or resolution of myocardial ischemia recorded as episodes of ST-segment depression in ambulatory monitoring of the ECG.