Abstract 882: Should the Size of the Red Dress Change for the Asian American Woman? A Pilot Study on Metabolic Syndrome
Background: Clinical studies investigating the presence of metabolic syndrome risk factors on subgroups of Asian American Women (AAW) living in Northeast Florida have been limited.
Methods: A descriptive study was conducted using a convenience sample (n=216) of AAW women to include: Filipinos (n=60; 28%), Chinese (n=47; 22%), Cambodian (n=45; 21%), Vietnamese (n=36; 16%), and Korean (n=28; 13%). Descriptive statistics and chi-squares were utilized to find significant differences in risk factors for metabolic syndrome to include: blood pressure (≥130/85 mmHg), triglyceride (≥150 mg/dL), High Density Lipoprotein-Cholesterol (HDL-C) (≤ 50mg/dL), waist circumference (≥35 inches), and glucose levels (≥100/mg/dL) among AAW subgroups.
Results: Overall, 38% had 3 out of 5 risk factors for metabolic syndrome and 88% had one. Among all AAW, 34% had hypertension, 56% had an elevated waist circumference, 40% had elevated triglyceride levels, 50% had low HDL levels and 51% had elevated glucose levels. Filipino AAW had significantly higher percentages of triglyceride risk than the Chinese (x2=16.812, df=1, p <.001) and had higher percentages of waist circumference when compared to the Koreans (x2=17.602, df=1, p <.001). Koreans had significantly higher blood glucose levels than the Chinese (x2=35.335, df=1, p <. 001).
Conclusion: Metabolic syndrome is prevalent in AAW and varies as a function of ethnicity. Future studies need to address and develop culturally sensitive strategies that are tailored to the health needs and risk disparities of the Filipino AAW and explore cardio-protective mechanisms noted in the Chinese AAW.