Abstract 871: Differences in Demographics Between Subjects in the Grenada Heart Project Survey and the Related Heart Health Fairs
Background: The Grenada Heart Project (GHP) is a cohort study of 5000 adult subjects randomly selected in Grenada, a low-middle income country (LMIC). We sought to compare the CVD risk factors in the GHP-Pilot to those from affiliated heart health fairs (HHF), which were open to the general public.
Methods: The first 20% of subjects randomly enrolled into the GHP from a national voter list comprise the GHP-Pilot. Low cost HHF with an abridged screening protocol compared to GHP were conducted simultaneously for walk-in subjects. We compared the risk factor profiles of these cohorts through paired comparisons using Student’s t-tests or Mann-Whitney U tests.
Results: For every enrolled GHP participant (n=932), we received approximately one walk-in subject (n=843). HHF subjects were more likely to be older, female, obese, non-smokers, have treated hypertension with higher fasting blood glucose and LDL-cholesterol levels (Table 1⇓).
Conclusions: Our findings suggest that the subjects in the general population who seek risk assessment in a resource-poor LMIC have a higher burden of CV risk factors, than those recruited via random methods. Simultaneous low cost HHF may serve as an efficient means to evaluate CV risk, engage the masses and encourage healthy habits and preventive care measures at a population level in a LMIC.