Abstract 861: Prevalence of Diabetes Among Adult Smokers: Need for Early Screening
Objectives: Despite several studies documenting a higher risk of diabetes among smokers, current guidelines do not recommend early screening (age <40yrs) for diabetes in smokers. The prevalence of diabetes in relation to cigarette exposure stratified by age is not known. Hence, we studied age specific prevalence of diabetes among current or former (defined as having smoked at least 100 cigarettes in their lifetime) compared to never smokers.
Methods: A cross-sectional study using the nationwide 2006 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data, participants were stratified into ever (current or former) and never smokers and compared on the prevalence of diabetes. Logistic regression modeling was used to determine the odds of having diabetes associated with smoking exposure, adjusting for potential confounding.
Conclusions: Compared to never smokers, either previous or current smoking is associated with increased odds of diabetes as early as the age of 18 years, supporting the rationale to implement screening at an earlier age than currently recommended.