Abstract 5265: Alternatively Spliced B-Type Natriuretic Peptide (ASBNP) is a Renal Selective Natriuretic and Diuretic Peptide Without Hypotensive Properties
Background: B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP1–32) is a 32- amino acid cardiac peptide secreted in response to cardiac stress and plays an important compensatory role in cardiorenal homeostasis. Studies have recently reported that a mRNA encoding an alternatively spliced variant of BNP (ASBNP) exists in the human heart and like BNP1–32 is increased in the failing heart. While ASBNP and BNP1–32 have identical ring structures and amino termini, ASBNP and BNP1–32 differ in their carboxy terminus (34 vs. 6 amino acids, respectively). Studies have also reported that ASBNP activates cGMP, the second messenger of BNP1–32, in isolated glomeruli but not in endothelial cells. Also, unlike BNP1–32 ASBNP does not vasorelax isolated arteries or veins. The cardiorenal actions in vivo of ASBNP are unknown. We hypothesized that ASBNP in vivo would have selective renal actions yet as suggested by studies in isolated vessels would be devoid of blood pressure effects.
Methods: We therefore determined for the first time the cardiorenal actions of three subsequent intravenous doses of ASBNP (10, 50, and 150 pmol/kg/min) in 5 healthy canines in an acute study under anesthesia in 30-minute clearances at baseline, during, and following infusion. Values provided are mean±SEM for baseline vs. 150 pmol/kg/min. *p<0.05.
Results: ASBNP dose-dependently increased plasma levels of cGMP (8.6±1.0 vs. 11.5±1.3* pmol/mL), and the same was true for urinary cGMP excretion (878±191 vs. 2028±551* pmol/min). Mean arterial pressure (p=0.83) and heart rate (p=0.43) remained unchanged. Urine flow increased (0.38±0.05 vs. 1.32±0.20* mL/min) as did urinary sodium excretion (38±15 vs. 133±38* μEq/min). Renal blood flow (p=0.51) and glomerular filtration rate (p=0.99) remained unchanged. BNP-immunoreactivity as measured by the Biosite BNP assay increased (5±4 vs. 3807±573* pg/mL).
Conclusion: ASBNP, an alternatively spliced form of BNP produced in the human heart, activates cGMP and has diuretic and natriuretic actions but is without blood pressure lowering actions. Thus, ASBNP represents a novel renal selective, non-hypotensive, natriuretic, and diuretic peptide.