Abstract 5262: Progressive Decline in C-Type Natriuretic Peptide With Aging is Associated With Cardiorenal Fibrosis, Myocardial Dysfunction and Proteinuria
Background: C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) is of endothelial cell origin and represents the most potent anti-fibrotic peptide of the natriuretic peptide family and is important for extracellular matrix homeostasis including mediating bone growth in the young. Cardiorenal aging is associated with altered cardiac and renal structure and function that may contribute to the development of heart and kidney failure, particularly in the elderly. The impact of aging on circulating CNP and associated changes in cardiorenal structure and function are undefined.
Hypothesis: We hypothesized that a decrease in endogenous plasma CNP occurs with aging and is associated with an increase in cardiorenal fibrosis and altered left ventricular (LV) and renal structure and function.
Methods: Studies were performed in 2, 11 and 20 month old male Fischer rats (n = 8 –10/group). Echo was used to assess LV structure and function. Blood pressure (BP), urinary protein excretion, plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and CNP were measured. Kidneys and LV were harvested for gross and histology analysis. Mean±SE, *p<0.05.
Results: Aging from 2 to 20 months was associated with progressive reductions in plasma CNP (30±3 to 21±1* to 9±1*pg/ml). Significant and progressive cardiac and renal fibrosis were observed with aging (LV: 9±0.3 to 15±0.7* to 21±1*% and kidney: 1±0.3 to 8±2* to 17±1* %). In contrast to CNP, plasma BNP was modestly increased from the 2 to 20 month old group (21±2 to 26±1*pg/ml). The reduction in CNP and increase in BNP, the latter a biomarker for LV dysfunction, were associated with decreased EF (88±1 to 80±1*%) and increased LVEDd (6.61±0.09 to 7.48±0.09*mm). BP and urinary protein excretion were mildly elevated with aging (91±1 to 101±3* mmHg and 8±0.3 to 20±3* mg/day, respectively).
Conclusion: We report for the first time that aging is associated with a progressive decline in circulating CNP and progressive cardiorenal fibrosis, systolic dysfunction and proteinuria. Further studies are warranted to explore the hypothesis that a mechanism of cardiorenal aging with altered cardiorenal structure and function may include a decrease in the bioavailability of CNP.