Abstract 5204: Vascular Remodelling in Patients With Psoriatic Arthritis: The Impact of Blood Pressure
Increased cardiovascular mortality have been observed in several immune mediated rheumatic diseases, including psoriatic arthritis (PsA). We evaluated subclinical atherosclerosis in PsA patients according with hypertensive status by studying non invasively structural and functional properties of arteries. We studied 41 consecutive patients with PsA (of whom, 48% hypertensives) attending hospital outpatient clinics. 40 normotensives healthy subjects (NC) and 18 hypertensives (HT-C) served as controls. We evaluated by B-mode ultrasound the carotid intima media thickness (IMT) expressed as mean-IMT (cumulative mean of mean IMT measured in each carotid segment, common, bulb, and internal carotid artery, bilaterally) and as M-MAX (cumulative mean of maximum IMT). Endothelial function was evaluated by post-occlusion flow mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery using ultrasonography. NO-independent vasodilation was evaluated by the response to sublingual glyceril trinitrate (GTN). PsA had a higher mean-IMT compared to NC. Hypertensive PsA displayed higher M-MAX versus both HT-C (p=0.007) and normotensive PsA (p=0.026). FMD was lower in PsA than in NC, whereas there was no difference between hypertensive PsA, normotensive PsA, and HT-C. GTN response was similar in all groups. In conclusion, our data show that subclinical atherosclerosis is enhanced in PsA compared to NC. In PsA, the hypertensive status proved to exert an additional effect on M-MAX, a parameter of advanced pro-atherogenic remodeling. FMD was reduced in PsA irrespective of hypertensives status. Thus, PsA per se implies a pro-atherogenic remodeling which is enhanced by the hypertensive status.