Abstract 5078: Sustained Acting Atrial Natriuretic Peptide: A Novel Natriuretic Peptide With Potent Blood Pressure Lowering and Renal Enhancing Properties in a Canine Model of Acute Angiotensin Induced Hypertension
Background Sustained Acting Atrial Natriuretic Peptide (SA-ANP) is a 40 AA peptide consisting of native ANP (1–28) with a 12 AA C-terminus extension which we synthesized based upon a familial ANP gene frameshift mutation. SA-ANP possesses markedly greater and more sustained mean arterial pressure (MAP) lowering, diuretic/natriuretic, angiotensin-aldosterone suppressing, and cGMP activating properties compared to ANP in normal dogs consistent with a super agonist of the ANP receptor (NPR-A) (JACC in press). Here we evaluated SA-ANP in a model of acute hypertension with the hypothesis that SA-ANP would have potent MAP lowering and renal enhancing properties.
Methods Integrated physiological studies were performed in a canine model of ANG induced hypertension (20 ng/kg/min continuous infusion) before, during, and up to 3 hours following a 45 minute infusion of SA-ANP (30 pmol/kg/min) (n=6) or vehicle (n=6).
Results MAP is shown in Figure 1⇓. SVR significantly decreased and despite a significant reduction in MAP both renal blood flow (RBF) and GFR were significantly increased following SA-ANP infusion. There were significant reductions in proximal and distal tubule sodium reabsorption resulting in a significant increase (>50 fold) in diuresis and natriuresis with SA-ANP. These renal actions were associated with significant increases in plasma and urine cGMP and a significant inhibition of aldosterone activation.
Discussion We report for the first time in an acute model of hypertension that SA-ANP reduced MAP while enhancing RBF, GFR, and sodium/water excretion and thus may serve as a potential therapeutic agent in the treatment of hypertension in the setting of volume overload.