Pulmonary Stenosis and Ventricular Septal Defect with Arteriovenous Shunts
A Clinical and Hemodynamic Study of Eleven Patients
Patients who have pulmonary stenosis and ventricular septal defect usually have a right-to-left intracardiac shunt. This paper presents hemodynamic and clinical data on 11 patients who have pulmonary stenosis, ventricular septal defect and left-to-right shunts. Four of these patients also have defects in the atrial septum, and three have demonstrable bidirectional shunts. The level and direction of shunts were determined by blood oxygen-saturation data and indicator-dilution studies. Choice of the form of treatment to be used in patients such as these should be based largely on hemodynamic considerations. Many resemble patients with tetralogy of Fallot who have had a successful pulmonary valvotomy.
- © 1955 American Heart Association, Inc.