Abstract 4680: Rapid Growth in Hospitalizations for Adults with Congenital Heart Disease in the United States
Background: Adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD) constitute a growing population due to advances in pediatric care and diagnostic testing. This study aimed to better define the growth in ACHD hospitalizations and to provide data on the cost of hospitalization for these patients.
Methods: We utilized data from the 1998 –2005 Nationwide Inpatient Survey, the largest all-payer nationally representative hospital discharge database, to analyze trends in ACHD hospitalizations. We included all patients over 17 years of age with Clinical Classification Software diagnostic code 213 (Cardiac and Circulatory Anomalies). National estimates of hospitalizations and hospital charges by year for ACHD diagnoses were calculated, as were equivalent estimates for specific subsets of patients.
Results: The number of ACHD hospitalizations increased 67% between 1998 and 2005, from 53,212 to 88,610 per year. Over this period, the annual number of admissions increased for both simple (44,781 to 75,911) and complex diagnoses (8,431 to 12,699)(Table⇓). Patients 55 years or older made up approximately 51% of all ACHD patients, and 40% of those with complex disease. Rates of hospitalization increased similarly for patients under and over 55 years old among all diagnostic categories. Inpatient mortality decreased from 2.6+/−0.2% to 1.7+/−0.1% for simple diagnoses, and 4.4+/−0.5% to 3.7+/−0.4% for complex diagnoses. Mean hospital charges per hospitalization increased 66% from $21,485 to $35,565, and the estimated total national charges for these hospitalizations increased from $1.1 billion to $3.1 billion in 2005 (all in 1998 dollars). In 1998, admissions for ACHD accounted for 0.31% of estimated total national charges for hospitalizations of patients 18 years or older, as compared with 0.47% in 2005.
Conclusions: There has been a striking increase in hospitalizations for ACHD, and the cost of these admissions is rising out of proportion to overall hospital costs.