Abstract 4496: Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Stable Coronary Heart Disease: Value of Nt-Probnp for Stratification of Long-Term Risk
Purpose: N-terminal fragment of the B type-natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is an established tool for assessing acute dyspnoea and stratifying risk in heart failure, acute coronary syndromes (ACS), and stable coronary heart disease (SCHD). The aim of this study was to determine the value of NT-proBNP in predicting long-term risk of patients (Pts) submitted to elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the setting of SCHD.
Methods: We prospectively studied 291 Pts (age 64.3±9.6 years, 64 female) with SCHD submitted to successful elective PCI, and determined NT-proBNP immediately before PCI. Pts were divided into 2 groups according to NT-proBNP level: group T3 formed by Pts with NT-proBNP level in the highest tertile and group T1+T2 formed by all remaining Pts. The study endpoint was time to the first occurrence of death (D) or non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI) during the mean follow-up of 568 ± 322 days. Multivariable analyses were performed to adjust the prognostic value of NT-proBNP for the effects of factors known to influence NT-proBNP (age, gender, renal function, body mass index) and of other potential predictors of outcome (cardiovascular risk factors, prior cardiovascular events, left ventricular ejection fraction, and PCI characteristics).
Results: NT-proBNP ranged from 5 pg/ml to 104 pg/ml in the 1st tertile (T1), 105 pg/ml to 358 pg/ml in the 2nd tertile (T2), and 364 pg/ml to 33.991 pg/ml in the 3rd tertile (T3). During follow-up, 8 Pts died and 11 suffered a non-fatal MI. NT-proBNP was significantly higher in Pts who experienced an adverse outcome (440 pg/ml [inter-quartile range, 104 –1712] vs 174 pg/ml [inter-quartile range, 78 – 460) in Pts with uneventful follow-up; P= 0.007). An NT-proBNP level ≥364 pg/ml was associated with a higher endpoint rate (13.4% vs 3.1% in group T1+T2) and independently predicted outcome: adjusted hazard ratio 3.11, 95% CI, 1.15– 8.37, P=0.025. The sensitivity, specificity, predictive positive value, and negative predictive value for the criterion NT-proBNP ≥364 pg/ml were 68.4%, 69.1%, 13.4%, and 96.9%, respectively.
Conclusion: In the setting of SCHD, the level of NT-proBNP is a powerful prognostic marker even after successful PCI.