Abstract 4355: Functional Status Is More Strongly Associated with Mortality in Cardiac Amyloid Compared to Echocardiographic Parameters
Cardiac amyloidosis (CA) is generally associated with a poor prognosis and significantly increased mortality. We sought to identify predictors of longer-term survival in patients with EMB documented CA. Forty-five consecutive EMB documented CA patients were studied from 1/98 –12/03. Age, gender, NYHA class, medications, presence of light chain amyloid and ECG voltage were recorded. Baseline left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), deceleration time (DT), diastology, LV mass, interventricular septal (IVS) thickness and myocardial performance index (MPI) [(isovolumic contraction time + isovolumic relaxation time)/ejection time] were recorded. Length of follow-up and all-cause mortality were recorded. Mean age was 66 ±10 years with 34 (76 %) men. NYHA class > 2 and low voltage on ECG [S (V1) + R (V5) ≤12] were noted in 26 (58 %) and 12 (27 %) patients, respectively. Mean LVEF, IVS thickness and LV mass were 46 % ±13, 1.7 cm ±0.42 and 303 grams ±114, respectively. DT <150 msec and MPI > 0.6 were found in 19 (42 %) and 15 (33 %) patients, respectively. At median follow-up of 1.7 years, there were 25 (56%) deaths. On univariate Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, NYHA class > 2, DT <150 msec and lack of beta-blocker use were associated with increased mortality (log-rank statistic p-values <0.001, <0.05 and 0.01, respectively). Cox Proportional Hazard Survival Analysis is shown in the table⇓. In patients with EMB-documented CA, survival is more strongly associated with NYHA functional class compared to ECG and echocardiographic variables, including DT and MPI. Evaluation of advanced imaging techniques such as cardiac magnetic resonance in predicting prognosis in these patients is warranted.