Abstract 4349: Usefulness of Echocardiographic Measures of Dyssynchrony in Patients with Borderline QRS Duration for Selection for Resynchronization Therapy
Although echo dyssynchrony has not replaced routine selection criteria for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in patients with wide QRS, our objective was to test the hypothesis that dyssynchrony may assist in selection of patients for CRT with borderline QRS duration. We studied 119 heart failure patients referred for CRT; all were Class III-IV with ejection fraction (EF) ≤35%: 79 had Wide-QRS ≥130ms (169 ±28ms), and 40 had Borderline-QRS 100 –130ms (116 ±7ms). Dyssynchrony was assessed using tissue Doppler (TDI) longitudinal velocities from apical views (≥65ms opposing wall delay) and speckle tracking radial strain (≥130 ms septal to post. wall delay). Pulsed Doppler assessed interventricular mechanical delay (IVMD) (≥40ms), and filling time/RR interval (FT/RR ≤40%). Patients were followed for 8±5 months. Response to CRT was defined as ≥15% increase in EF. Overall, 77% of the Wide-QRS group were EF responders in contrast to 65% of the Borderline-QRS group. TDI was 87% sensitive and 67% specific for predicting response in the Wide-QRS group, but only 46% specific in the Borderline-QRS group. Radial dyssynchrony was the best predictor of response in the Borderline-QRS group with 80% sensitivity and 92% specificity. Although IVMD and FT/RR had low sensitivities, they were 100% specific. EF response to CRT is less frequent in patients with Borderline-QRS than in those with Wide-QRS. Radial dyssynchrony appears to be the best predictor of EF response in Borderline-QRS patients; IVMD and FT/RR were highly specific. A combined echo assessment of dyssynchrony has potential to assist in selection of patients for CRT with borderline QRS.