Abstract 4290: Risk Factors and Prognostic Implications of Mitral Regurgitation in Severe Aortic Stenosis
Introduction: Mitral regurgitation (MR) is present in nearly half of the patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS). Risk factors for its development and its prognostic implications are not clear.
Methods: Search of our echocardiographic database between 1993 to 2003 yielded 740 patients with severe AS defined as aortic valve area (AVA) ≤ 0.8cm2. Thorough chart reviews were conducted to collect clinical and pharmacological data. Mortality data was obtained from National death index.
Results: Patient characteristics: age 74±13 years; females 60%, EF 54±20%, aortic valve area 0.67±0.17 cm2. MR grade ≥2+ were present in 339 (46%) patients: 2+ in 166 (22%), 3+ in 115 (16%) and 4+ in 58 (8%). There was a progressive decrease in survival with each grade of MR in the whole cohort as well as the surgically and medically treated subsets (p<0.0001, figure⇓). Presence of 3 and 4+ MR was associated with a larger LV (p<0.0001), lower EF (p<0.0001), greater age (p=0.0001), a smaller aortic valve area (p=0.001) and female gender (p=0.003). It remained an independent predictor of lower survival after adjusting for group differences using the Cox regression model. There was a lower AVR rate in those with 3 or 4+ MR compared to the rest (32 vs. 41%, p=0.03) despite a distinct independent survival advantage with AVR (RR 0.40, p<0.0001).
Significant MR is present in nearly half of the patients with severe AS.
The risk factors for its development include age, greater AS severity and LV dysfunction.
It is an independent predictor of reduced survival.