Abstract 4197: Does Relative Wall Thickness or Left Ventricular Mass Index Best Predict Mortality Risk in Patients With Preserved Systolic Function?
Background: Several studies have indicated that left ventricular (LV) geometric patterns predict cardiovascular events. However, little data is available that compares the relative prognostic impact of LV mass index (LVMI) and relative wall thickness (RWT) on mortality in a large cohort of patients with preserved systolic function.
Methods: The impact of LVMI and RWT on mortality during an average follow-up of 1.7±1.0 years was examined in a sample of 47,701 patients (mean age: 61.6 ± 15.4; females=54.6 %) with preserved ejection fraction(EF), as well as in age groups of <50 yrs(n=10,864; mean age=39.9 ± 8.1; females=58.4 %), 50 –70 yrs (n=20,181; mean age=59.9 ± 5.7; females=52.2 %) and >= 70 yrs (n=16,836; mean age=77.7 ± 5.5; females=55.1 %).
Results: With increasing age (<50, 50 –70, >=70 yrs), both LVMI (78.5 ± 23.4, 84.3 ± 25.4, 90.3 ± 27.6; p<0.0001) and RWT (0.37 ± 0.08, 0.41 ± 0.08, 0.43 ± 0.09; p<0.0001) as well as mortality (2.2%, 5.0%, 14.2%; p<0.0001) showed significant linear trends and were independent predictors of mortality (Table⇓, Figure⇓).
Conclusion: Although, both LVMI and RWT were independently associated with increased mortality in all groups, RWT was by far the strongest independent predictor of all-cause mortality, especially in younger patients.