Abstract 4191: Prognostic Significance of Normal Combined Stress, Delayed Enhancement, and Functional Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Background: Combined adenosine stress perfusion (STRESS), myocardial delayed enhancement (MDE), and ventricular wall motion (WM) by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is a promising approach to further risk stratification in patients with intermediate pre-test clinical cardiovascular risk. The prognosis conferred by normal (NL) STRESS, MDE, and WM CMR is unknown.
Methods: 1,002 consecutive patients underwent combined CMR including STRESS by gadolinium first-pass perfusion, MDE, and cine WM for suspicion of coronary artery disease (CAD) or myocardial ischemia. 577 patients had NL STRESS, 607 had NL MDE, 544 had NL WM, and 448 had NL combined CMR. 70% had no history of CAD. Follow up was performed at a mean 31 (range 12– 62) months after CMR for cardiac death (CD) all-cause death (ACD) and non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI).
Results: NL combined CMR resulted in 0.6% rate of CD per year of follow up (0.3% if no CAD history, and 1.4% with CAD history). Rates for ACD and ACD plus MI were 1.9% and 2.0%. Similar event rates were observed when each component of combined CMR was considered separately.
Conclusion: Normal STRESS, MDE, and WM CMR, both singly or in combination, confer a low risk of subsequent cardiac events. Event Rate % per Year of Follow Up