Abstract 4188: Prognostic implications of Ischemic Myocardial Scar by Cardiac Magnetic Resonance in Patients with Normal Coronary Angiography and Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Background. In patients (pts) with chronic heart failure, late gadolinium enhancement cardiovascular magnetic resonance (LGE-CMR) is capable to distinguish left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) related or not to coronary artery disease (CAD). Moreover about 10% of pts with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) are actually «unrecognized » ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM), possibly because of coronary recanalization after silent infarction. However, the prognostic implications of « unrecognized » ICM are not known.
Methods. Three hundred consecutive pts with heart failure and LVSD underwent LGE-CMR and were followed prospectively during 833 days (12–2724). The primary endpoint was the composite of cardiac death or heart failure hospitalization. Pts were classified into 4 groups :
DCM without LGE (N 149) ;
DCM with midwall fibrosis (n 35) ;
ICM : ischemic scar and CAD (n 81) ;
« unrecognized » ICM : ischemic scar without CAD (n 30).
Results. 111 pts (38%) experienced events during follow-up.. There were non significant differences in event rate in patients with « unrecognized » ICM and ICM (53% and 63% respectively). By contrast the event rate in ICM groups were significantly higher than in pts with DCM (29% in group 1 and 31% in group 2 ; p = 0.000001) (Figure⇓). By multivariate analysis LGE was the strongest predictor of cardiac events (HR 1,7 CI 95% 1.07–2.88).
Conclusions. In our series, pts with « unrecognized » ICM detected by CMR had a high risk of cardiac events during follow up similar to those pts with ICM. These findings had potentially important implications for routine use of CMR as a diagnostic and prognostic tool in patients with heart failure and systolic dysfunction.