Abstract 4023: Aspirin “Resistance”: Role of Pre-existent Platelet Reactivity and Correlation Between Tests
Background: Aspirin “resistance” (i.e. hyporesponsiveness to aspirin in a platelet function test) has been widely reported, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. We examined the role of pre-existent platelet hyperreactivity in aspirin “resistance”. We also determined the correlation between aspirin resistance defined by serum thromboxane (TX) B2 (the most specific test of aspirin’s effect) and other assays of platelet function.
Methods: Platelet function measured before and after aspirin 81 mg daily for 7 days was analyzed by Spearman’s rank correlation. Normal subjects (n=165) were studied because virtually all clinically relevant patients are already taking aspirin. An additional advantage of the use of normal subjects is that the platelet response to stimuli is not influenced (with resultant increased scatter of the data) by an underlying disease, e.g. coronary artery disease, which causes platelet hyperreactivity.
Results: The proportion of the post-aspirin platelet function predicted by the pre-aspirin platelet function was 28.3 ± 7.5% (mean ± asymptotic standard error) for serum TXB2, 39.3 ± 6.8% for urinary 11-dehydro TXB2, 4.4 ± 7.7% for arachidonic acid-induced platelet aggregation, 40.4 ± 7.1% for ADP-induced platelet aggregation, 26.3 ± 9.2% for the VerifyNow Aspirin Assay®, and 45.0 ± 10.9% for the TEG® PlateletMapping™System with arachidonic acid. Spearman rank order correlations were highly significant for comparisons between assays when both pre-aspirin and post-aspirin results were included in the analysis. However, residual serum TXB2 levels post-aspirin treatment were not significantly associated with post-treatment results of any of the other assays. Platelet count correlated with pre-aspirin serum TXB2 and VerifyNow Aspirin Assay, but not with any post-aspirin platelet function test.
Aspirin “resistance” (i.e. hyporesponsiveness to aspirin in a laboratory test) is in part unrelated to aspirin but is the result of underlying platelet hyperreactivity prior to the institution of aspirin therapy.
Individuals identified as aspirin “resistant” defined by serum TXB2 are not the same individuals identified by the other tests.