Abstract 3047: Management Of Procedural Complications Associated With Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation
Objective The transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) technology is rapidly evolving. The complications related to these procedures are different from those seen after conventional aortic valve replacement. Herein, we report our experience on the incidence and management of procedure-related complications in the first series of TAVI.
Methods Between 6/2007 and 6/2008, 112 patients (n=62 female, mean age 81.3±7y, mean logistic EuroScore 25.0±15.6%) underwent TAVI through either a retrograde (n=92 transfemoral, n=3 via subclavian artery, n=1 ascending aorta) or antegrade (n=16 transapical) approach at our institution. 95 CoreValve and 17 Edwards Sapien (n=17) prostheses were implanted.
Results 30-day mortality was 8.9% (n=10). Major vascular complications occurred in 19 patients (16,9%). 2 patients with iliac or femoral rupture were treated with covered stent. 14 patients with bleeding from vascular site were treated with surgical suture or prosthesis implantation. Three patients had lethal aortic root (n=2) or abdominal (n=1) aortic rupture. Cardiac tamponade occurred in 8 patients (7.1%); among these 3 were treated conservatively, 4 underwent subxyphoid puncture and one patient had thoracotomy. Valve displacement could be treated interventionally in 5 out of 6 patients, 1 patient underwent conventional surgery. In 2 patients, with extremely poor LV function, emergent institution of cardiopulmonary bypass was required during the procedure. 5 patients underwent interventional re-valving (n=2) or surgical re-replacement (n=3) due to high-grade regurgitation (n=5) or valve displacement (n=1). Pacemaker implantation due to postprocedural AV block was required in 23 patients (20.7%). Despite these complications, the overall initial procedural success was 98 % (n= 110/112).
Conclusions A significant number of complications after TAVI requires surgical treatment. Therefore, TAVI procedures should be performed in a hybrid operating room which allows for immediate surgical intervention and the rapid institution of cardiopulmonary bypass if necessary.