Abstract 2752: Pulmonary Vein Isolation With And Without Additional Ablation Of Complex Fractionated Electrograms In Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation: Long-term Results Of A Prospective Randomized Study
Introduction: Segmental pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) leads to elimination of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) in approximately 75% of patients. Ablation of complex fractionated atrial electrograms (CFAE) is an alternative ablation strategy. In this prospective randomized study the long-term effect of PVI alone is compared to the effect of combined PVI and CFAE ablation in paroxysmal AF.
Methods: 98 patients with paroxysmal AF (57±10 years, 74 male) were randomly assigned to PVI (48 patients) or PVI+CFAE ablation (50 patients). Additional CFAE ablation was performed in the PVI+CFAE group if AF was still inducible after PVI. Follow-up results were assessed with repetitive 7 days Holter ECG and clinical evaluation including repeat ablations.
Results: Additional CFAE ablation was performed in 30/50 (60%) patients of the PVI+CFAE group with still inducible AF after PVI. In each group, 2 patients were lost to long term follow-up. In the intention-to-treat analysis at 3 months and after 19±8 months, there was no significant difference between both groups (36/48 [75%] and 34/46 [74%] patients in the PVI and 37/50 [73%] and 40/48 [83%] of patients in the PVI+CFAE ablation group in sinus rhythm [p=0.32]). In subgroup analysis, patients actually treated with the combined PVI+CFAE ablation approach had a significantly better long-term success (25/28; 89%) than patients with still inducible AF who underwent PVI only (22/30;73%; p=0.02). In both groups repeat ablations were performed in 31% (PVI group; 15/48 patients) and 35% (PVI+CFAE group; 17/48 patients) (p=n.s). After 9 months, significantly more patients in the PVI+CFAE group experienced sustained regular atrial tachycardia than in the PVI group (6/44 versus 1/39 patients, P=0.02).
Conclusion: The combination of PVI and CFAE ablation was equally effective than PVI alone in reaching freedom of AF in the intention-to-treat analysis. During long-term follow-up, patients actually treated with combined PVI+CFAE ablation had a significantly better outcome (89% vs. 73%). However, the rate of ablation-induced regular atrial tachycardias is inreased.