Abstract 2733: Association of Psychological Disorders and Structural Coronary Arterial Disease
Background: Growing numbers of American Veterans are diagnosed with psychological disorders and myocardial infarctions without known preexisting cardiac risk factors. Confronted with this information, we studied the association between psychological disorders and the presence of coronary artery calcium. High risk coronary calcification [Agatston method coronary artery calcium score (CAC) >100] is associated with a striking increase in cardiovascular events (hazard ratio>10) making it an excellent surrogate marker.
Methods: From a database of VA patients who have undergone cardiac computed tomography, 483 were studied (age 59±12 years, 86% male). Regression analysis was utilized for comparison of CAC score for individuals with depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance abuse..
Results: After adjustment for age, gender and cardiac risk factors, the odds ratio of CAC≥100 vs. CAC=0 was 1.24 (95% CI 1.02–2.08, p=0.044) for depression, 2.04 (95% CI 1.11– 6.17, p=0.027) for anxiety, 2.28 (95% CI 1.15–5.76, p=0.026) for PTSD and 2.61 (95% CI 1.14 – 6.03, p=0.022) for substance abuse as compared to normal cohort.
Conclusion: Veterans with psychological disorders were found to have a significantly higher coronary artery calcification score than those without such disorders. These findings are independent of age, gender and other traditional cardiac risk factors.