Abstract 2557: The Appraisal-Trial: Evaluating RESTEN-MPTM in Patients with Bare Metal Stent de novo Native Coronary Artery Lesions
Background: Although the use of drug-eluting stents has been shown to limit neointimal hyperplasia, currently available DES may adversely affect re-endothelialization, possibly precipitating late cardiac events. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a microbubble delivery of c-myc antisense peptide in preventing restenosis after coronary stenting in de novo stenosis with intravascular ultrasound.
Methods: A BMS was implanted in de novo coronary artery lesions (RD ≥ 2.5- ≤4.0mm; TL ≥ 15- ≤ 30mm in length). Serial intravascular ultrasound analysis were performed in 25 lesions. A dose of 16mg RESTEN-MPTM (AVI BioPharma/Global Therapeutics LLC) was intravenously administered after stenting and again 24 hours later.
Results: A total of 50 patients were enrolled, 34 in Essen, 13 in Coburg and 3 in Heidelberg. Before stenting, the MLD and length of stenosis was determined by QCA. 18 Patients had a LAD lesion, 21 LCX, 12 RCA. 84% (43/51) of the lesions were either Type B2 or C lesions. At six month follow-up, angiography with a QCA was performed. Generally the neointimal proliferation was minor and open vessel lumen could be demonstrated during follow-up. Of the 30 patients currently studied at six-months in the IVUS sub-study, six patients required TLR. Late lumen loss by QCA was 0.47±0.09mm. Volume stenosis by IVUS was 26 ± 4 %. Generally the neointima proliferation was minor and open vessel lumen could be demonstrated during follow-up.
Summary: Microbubble delivery of c-myc antisense seems to be effective in reducing neointimal tissue proliferation without the problem of late stent thrombosis, because the proliferation seems to be attenuated but not fully blocked.