Abstract 2555: Vascular Brachytherapy an Effective Therapy for Patients with Drug-Eluting Stent Restenosis
The rates of drug-eluting stent (DES) in-stent restenosis (ISR) exceeds 10% in difficult subsets of patients and lesions. The optimal management of DES ISR remains unclear. Vascular brachytherapy (VBT) was proven to be effective for the treatment of bare metal stent (BMS) ISR but its outcome for DES ISR has not established. We aimed to investigate the safety and efficacy of VBT for DES ISR lesions. Ninety-nine consecutive patients who presented with ISR following DES implantation in 122 lesions were subjected to conventional PCI with adjunct VBT using either a beta radiation system [Beta Rail in 74 patients (82.2%) and the Galileo system in 13 patients 14.4%] or gamma radiation [Checkmate system in 3 patients (3.3%)]. Patients were followed clinically for MACE during 1-year follow-up. More than half of the patients had a previous coronary artery bypass surgery. A high proportion of patients (55%) had complex ISR with diffuse or proliferate pattern and 31.1% had recurrences of ISR to the same site. Procedural success was documented in all patients post-VBT with uneventful course during hospitalization. At 12 months’ follow-up the TLR rate was 11.1% and the overall MACE rate was 24.4%. Patients with multiple episodes of ISR to the same site had a MACE rate of 32%. There were no reports of stent thrombosis in any of the patients. VBT for the treatment of DES ISR was found to be effective and safe and should be considered a viable tool for the treatment of DES ISR, in particular in complex patients with multiple recurrences.