Abstract 2390: Düsseldorfer-ABCD Trial (Autologous Bone Marrow Cells in Dilated Cardiomyopathy)
Heart failure is a dangerous disease with an increasing frequency. Although conventional drug therapy may delay remodeling, there is no basic therapeutic regime available for preventing or even reversing this process. Several preclinical as well as clinical trials have shown that transplantation of autologous bone marrow cells improved cardiac function after myocardial infarction and chronic heart disease (CAD). We investigated the effects of intracoronary (ic) autologous stem cell transplantation (STX) at patients with non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM).
Methods: A total of 10 patients with DCM were included in this study (group I). The control group also consists of 10 age and sex-matched patients with comparable ejection fraction (group II). CAD and myocarditis were excluded. All patients of group I received an ic autologous STX with mononuclear cells. Cell transplantation was performed via the ic administration route. All cells were infused directly into the dominant coronary vessel. To achieve a maximal ischemic stimulus all patients received Dobutamine intravenously and Dipipyridamol by ic application. All 20 patients were re-investigated after 3 months.
Results: Three months after ic STX, the global left ventricular ejection fraction increased in patients from 18 ± 1 up to 26 ± 3% (p < 0.01). In parallel the physical ability (functional capacity) rose from 25 to 75 watt (p < 0.01). In addition, we found an improvement of maximum oxygen uptake under stress from 1236 ± 217 up to 1473 ± 198 ml/min (p < 0.01). Furthermore we documented a reduction of arrythmia. An unchanged or even impaired left ventricular function was not observed in any patient of group I. In the control group (group II) no significant changes were documented. No side effects of ic autologous STX were found, particularly no arrythmias, no heart insufficiency, no dyspnoea and no palpitations.
Conclusion: These results show that transplantation of autologous bone marrow cells, as well as the ic approach, represents a novel and effective therapeutic procedure for the therapy of DCM. For this method of therapy, no ethical problems exist, and no side effects were observed. However, further experimental studies and controlled prospective clinical trials have to follow.