Abstract 2386: Asymptomatic Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction as a Predictor of Incident Heart Failure and Mortality in the Elderly: The Cardiovascular Health Study
Left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) is an important predictor of outcomes in heart failure (HF) patients. Adverse effects of LVSD in individuals without heart failure, also known as asymptomatic LVSD (ALVSD), are not well established in the elderly. This study reports outcomes and evaluates the impact of LVSD in elderly subjects with ALVSD. The Cardiovascular Health Study is a multicenter longitudinal cohort study designed to assess cardiac risk factors and outcomes in a community-based population 65 years and older. The incidence of HF and mortality was evaluated in those with ALVSD with a median follow-up of 11.9 years. Cox regression was used, adjusting for demographics and cardiac risk factors, and stratified by severity of LVSD. Incident HF occurred in 39.2% of those with ALVSD vs. 22.8% in those without LVSD (RR = 1.51, CI = 1.25–1.84). Impaired ejection fraction (EF) (< 45%) was associated with more than twice the risk of incident HF than normal systolic function (RR = 2.21; CI 1.67–2.91). Individuals with borderline EF (45–55%) did not have an increased risk of incident HF (RR = 1.21; CI 0.94–1.56). The severity of LVSD was also predictive of mortality: borderline LVSD RR = 1.23 (CI 1.04–1.47) for all-cause mortality and 1.60 (CI 1.26–2.03) for cardiac death; impaired LVSD RR = 1.54 (CI 1.24–1.92) for all-cause mortality and RR = 2.12 (CI 1.60–2.81) for cardiac death. ALVSD is associated with increased risk of heart failure, death, and cardiac death when compared to normal systolic function. Furthermore, the degree of systolic dysfunction has a significant impact in predicting these outcomes in elderly individuals with ALVSD.