Abstract 2329: Donor Pretreatment with Hypertonic Saline Attenuates Primary Cardiac Allograft Dysfunction
Objective: Hypertonic saline (HTS) has been previously demonstrated to have immune modulatory and vascular protective effects. We assessed the effect of donor pretreatment with HTS on allograft myocardial function in a porcine model of orthotopic heart transplantation. We hypothesized that HTS infusion prior to donor heart arrest and storage would limit ischemia-reperfusion injury and improve myocardial performance following transplantation.
Methods: Orthotopic transplants were performed after 6 hours of ischemic allograft storage. Donor pigs were randomly assigned to pretreatment with (n = 7) or without (n = 6) HTS (4.5 ml/kg of 7.5% NaCl) administered 1 hour prior to donor heart arrest. Left ventricular performance was determined after caval occlusion using a Millar micromanometer and conductance catheter. Hemodynamic measurements were obtained using a Swan-Ganz catheter.
Results: Administration of hypertonic saline increased serum sodium level from 138 ± 2 mmol/L to 154 ± 4 mmol/L, which normalized to 144 ± 3 mmol/L 1 hour post-infusion. Weaning from CPB and LV performance after transplantation was improved after donor HTS treatment. Successful weaning from CPB was significantly greater in HTS treated hearts (6/7 versus 1/6, p < 0.05). Preload recruitable stroke work post-transplantation was improved compared to control (88 ± 21% versus 35 ± 8% of baseline, p < 0.01). Similarly, maximal elastance was improved compared to control (85 ± 17% versus 42 ± 12% of baseline, p = 0.03). No significant differences in post-transplant central venous, pulmonary artery or pulmonary capillary wedge pressures were observed between groups. However, post-transplant systolic blood pressure was significantly higher in the donor HTS group (60 ± 9 mmHg versus 35 ± 6 mmHg, p = 0.04).
Conculsions: Donor HTS pretreatment attenuates post-transplant cardiac allograft myocardial function and improves post-transplant systemic hemodynamic function. HTS may be a novel organ donor intervention to prevent primary graft dysfunction. Further clinical evaluation of this simple and potentially cost-effective intervention is warranted.