Abstract 2161: Left Atrium Reverse Remodeling After Pulmonary Vein Isolation. Will It Be a Predictor for Non-recurrence of Atrial Fibrillation?
Background: Left atrium (LA) dilation plays an important role in development and persistence of atrial fibrillation (AF). Some cases show structural reverse remodeling of LA after catheter ablation of AF. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical significance of LA reverse remodeling.
Method and Results: Echocardiographic data before and after ablation was obtained in 173 cases who underwent pulmonary vein isolation from January 2006 to April 2008 (74.0% men, 61.0±11 years old; paroxysmal AF 114, persistent AF 34, permanent AF 25). Mean atrial diameter before ablation was 39.0±6.1mm (paroxysmal 37.7±5.6mm, persistent 40.7±5.3mm, and permanent 43.0±6.8mm) and LA reverse remodeling was defined as 10% decrement of LA transverse diameter. Half of the cases were taking anti-arrhythmic drugs after ablation, and AF recurrence occurred in 16.8% (29/173) during mean follow up period of 8.5±6.3 months. Reverse remodeling of LA was seen in 34.1% (59/173) and AF recurrence rate in this group was 11.9% (7/59), whereas 19.3% (22/114) without reverse remodeling (P=0.29). However, limited in patients with LA diameter over 40mm (44.5%; 77/173), 3.2% (1/31) of AF recurrence was seen in those with reverse remodeling, while 21.7% (10/46) without reverse remodeling (P=0.04). LA reverse remodeling was observed significantly frequent in patients without history of hypertension(41.5% without hypertension vs 25.6% with hypertension, P=0.036).
Conclusion: LA reverse remodeling after catheter ablation of AF in dilated LA patient is a simple and useful predictor for non-recurrence of AF. Hypertension could be a disturbance for LA reverse remodeling.