Abstract 2155: Plasma Adiponectin Levels in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation
The occurrence and development of atrial fibrillation (AF) are associated with changes in electrical properties and cardiac structure, known as electrical and structural atrial remodeling. AF characterized by atrial remodeling also occurs with obesity-related conditions. Adiponectin, an adipose tissue-derived hormone, exerts beneficial effects on the heart in various pathological conditions. These observations led us to speculate that adiponectin levels affect the development and prevalence of AF. Here, we investigated a potential association between circulating adiponectin levels and atrial remodeling in patients with AF. We measured plasma adiponectin levels, serum carboxy-terminal telopeptide of collagen type I (CITP) levels, as a collagen type I degradation marker, and serum type III procollagen-N-peptide (PIIINP) levels, as a collagen type III synthesis marker in consecutive 414 patients; 225 paroxysmal AF, 81 persistent AF and 108 paroxysmal supra-ventricular tachycardia without AF history (control) patients, who admitted for scheduled radiofrequency catheter ablation. Plasma adiponectin levels were significantly higher in patients with persistent AF compared to paroxysmal AF and control patients (p<0.05). Serum CITP levels, but not serum PIIINP levels, were also higher in patients with persistent AF compared to paroxysmal AF and control patients (p<0.05). In addition, a positive correlation was observed between adiponectin levels and CITP levels (r=0.39, p<0.005) or the P wave duration (r=−0.31, p<0.05) in patients with persistent AF. High plasma adiponectin levels are associated with the presence of persistent AF, which is accompanied by increased CITP levels. Hyperadiponectinemia might also attenuate atrial conduction disturbance. Thus, measurement of plasma adiponectin could be useful for assessment of AF.