Abstract 2000: Incomplete ST-Segment Deviation Resolution after Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients with Multivessel Disease is Mainly Due to the Presence of a Non-Infarct-Related Chronic Total Occlusion
Background Incomplete ST-segment deviation resolution (STR) after epicardial flow restoration may represent microvascular dysfunction and predicts an unfavorable outcome in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). From recently published data concerning STEMI patients that underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), increased mortality in patients with multivessel disease (MVD) was attributed to the presence of a chronic total occlusion (CTO) in a non-infarct-related artery (IRA). We evaluated whether the presence of MVD with or without a CTO in a non-IRA significantly contributes to incomplete STR in a large cohort of patients undergoing primary PCI for STEMI.
Methods In this single-center study, 2127 STEMI patients underwent primary PCI between 2000 and 2006. The IRA and presence of MVD was determined during diagnostic angiography preceding primary PCI. MVD was assessed if ≥ 1 non-IRA showed ≥ 1 coronary stenosis of ≥ 70% and a CTO was defined as a 100% luminal narrowing in a non-IRA. STR was defined as the relative difference (in %) of the summed ST deviation between the pre-PCI and the immediately post-PCI 12-lead ECG. A post-PCI STR of ≥ 70% was considered complete.
Results During emergency coronary angiography, singlevessel disease (SVD) was observed in 1474 (69.3 %) patients, MVD without a CTO in 433 (20.4 %) patients, and MVD with a CTO in a non-IRA in 220 (10.3 %) patients. MVD patients less frequently showed complete STR compared to patients with SVD (OR 1.2 95% CI, 1.0 – 1.5 p = 0.046). However, the occurrence of complete STR in SVD patients and MVD patients without a CTO was comparable (OR 1.1, 95% CI, 0.9 – 1.4 p = 0.43). In MVD patients with a CTO, STR was significantly less often complete compared to patients with SVD or with MVD without a CTO (OR 1.6 95% CI, 1.1 – 2.6 p = 0.01).
Conclusion STEMI patients with MVD undergoing primary PCI showed complete STR less often compared to SVD patients. This effect is mainly due to a subgroup of MVD patients with a CTO in a non-IRA and not due to mere MVD.