Abstract 822: Change in Regional Strain after Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy
Background: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) improves global systolic function in left ventricle. However, the impact of CRT on regional myocardial function is less clear. The aim of this study, therefore, is to evaluate regional changes in myocardial strain after CRT.
Methods: Speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) was performed in 91 patients before and 6 month after CRT. Peak longitudinal strain was measured in 18 segments at base, mid and apex in three apical views. Left ventricular end-systolic volume (ESV) was measured by biplane Simpson’s method and reverse remodeling was defined as 10 % reduction in ESV at 6 month after CRT.
Results: Peak strain improved in basal and mid segments of medial walls (basal inferoseptal, anteroseptal and inferior segments, p<0.05, mid inferoseptal and inferior segments: p<0.01) in entire group after CRT, with a greater degree of improvement in CRT responders than in nonresponders (Figure⇓). There was no significant improvement in free wall strain, with significant reduction in basal inferolateral segment after CRT (P=0.047) in entire group. Nonresponders had significant reduction in strain at the mid anterolateral segment (P=0.004) (Figure⇓). Strain of the apical segments also did not improve.
Conclusions: CRT induces reverse remodeling by enhancing regional myocardial function in the septum, but suppresses the function in the free wall. Lack of reverse remodeling after CRT was characterized by the reduced function in lateral segments without improvement in septal function..