Abstract 576: The Prognostic Value of the Long Pentraxin 3 as Compared to B-Type Natriuretic Peptide and High-Sensitive C-Reactive Protein, and their Combination, as a Prognostic Marker of Mortality in Acute Chest Pain Patients
Elevated plasma levels of long pentraxin 3 (PTX3), high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) are found in acute coronary syndromes (ACS). The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic value of PTX3 as compared to BNP and hsCRP, and their combination, as a prognostic marker of mortality in acute chest pain patients. PTX3 was measured in EDTA plasma with a new, high-sensitive ELISA method (PPMX, Tokyo, Japan). BNP was analysed in EDTA plasma using the Microparticle Enzyme Immunoassay (MEIA) Abbott AxSYM®. HsCRP was measured with the use of an immunoturbidimetric assay (Tinaquant® C-reactive protein (latex) high sensitive assay, Roche Diagnostics). The blood samples were taken on admission in 795 patients. The patients were followed for 24 months concerning mortality. For statistical analysis, the study cohort was divided into quartiles (Q1–4) according to PTX3 levels. A multiple logistic regression was fitted which included standard risk measures. At 24 months follow-up, 121 of the 784 patients included in the model had died. The odds ratio for comparing Q4 versus Q1 for PTX3, BNP and hsCRP were 4.34, 3.35 and 0.52 (p=0.001, p=0.024 and p=0.096), respectively, and the combination of PTX3 and BNP showed an incremental prognostic value (figure⇓). PTX3 is a new independent marker that strongly predicts long-term all-cause mortality in patients with acute chest pain and the combination of this marker with BNP adds substantially to the prognostic value as compared to either marker alone.