Abstract 558: Association of Chronic Kidney Disease and Diabetes Mellitus with 5-Year Outcomes after Acute Myocardial Infarction
Several studies have shown that both chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetes mellitus are risk factors for mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). This study was undertaken to investigate influence of CKD on the prognostic significance of diabetes in patients with AMI. Between January 1996 and December 2005, 888 patients with AMI underwent coronary angiography within 24 hours after the onset of chest pain. CKD was difined estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of less than 60.0 ml/minute/1.73 m2 of body-surface area (stage3–5). Kaplan-Meier method was used to compare 5-year survival of diabetic and non-diabetic patients, in the presence (n=337) or absence (n=551). Kaplan-Meier curves for 5-year survival rate are shown in Figure⇓. In the absence of CKD, there was no significant difference in 5-year survival rate between patients with diabetes and those without (93 % v.s. 94 %, p=0.82). In patients with CKD, however, diabetes was associated with lower 5-year survival rate (65 % v.s. 87 %, p<0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that diabetes was an independent predictor for 5-year survival in patients with CKD (OR 3.2, 95%CI 1.8–5.8, p=0.0002), but not in patients without CKD (OR 1.1, 95%CI 0.4–2.5, p=0.82). Diabetes mellitus was an independent predictor for death after AMI in patients with CKD. Aggressive treatment after AMI should be advocated in diabetic patients with CKD.