Abstract 5466: In Vivo Molecular Imaging Revealed Chronic Inflammation and Increased Adhesion Molecules in Obese Adipose Tissue in Mice
Metabolic syndrome is a major risk factor of cardiovascular events, and obese visceral adipose tissue remodeling and malfunctioning based on chronic inflammation plays a central role. To assess dynamic multi-cellular interplay, a novel ex vivo (a–c) and in vivo (d–f) adipose tissue imaging method was developed. We found close spatial and temporal interrelationships between angiogenesis and adipogenesis, and both were augmented in obese adipose (c,arrow). In addition, we found increased leukocyte-platelet-endothelial cell interactions in the micro-circulation of obese visceral adipose that were indicative of activation of the leukocyte adhesion cascade, a hallmark of inflammation (e,f). Both macrophages and endothelial cells showed increased adhesion molecules including ICAM-1 and Selectin families, and P-selectin positive platelets were increased locally in obese adipose. Up-regulated expression of adhesion molecules on multiple cell types suggests their increased interactions contribute to local activation of inflammatory processes within visceral obese adipose tissue. Interestingly, the heightened leukocyte-platelet-endothelial interactions were not observed in obese subcutaneous fat pads. Our results demonstrated the power of our imaging technique to analyze complex inflammatory cellular interplays in vivo and to evaluate new therapeutic interventions against them. Results also indicate that visceral adipose tissue obesity is an inflammatory disease.