Abstract 5432: Mutation of Three Amino Acids in the Disulfide-Ring of a CNP Based Chimeric Natriuretic Peptide Alters its Vascular Properties
BACKGROUND: C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) is a 22-amino-acid peptide produced mainly in the endothelium with potent cardiac unloading and modest blood pressure lowering actions, but minimal renal actions. Based on our previous knowledge, we recently fused a 6 aa sequence from BNP to the C-terminus and a 5 aa sequence from ANP to the N-terminus of CNP. This novel hybrid peptide, CBA-NP, has cardiac unloading actions and mild hypotensive effects similar to CNP. Importantly however, the N and C terminus alterations resulted in potent renal excretory actions. here we test the hypothesis that the 3 aa GSM15–17 in the disulfide-ring mediate the vascular and hypotensive actions. We therefore mutated GSM15–17 to REA15–17, which we named ABC-NP and compared its in vivo and in vitro actions to CBA-NP.
METHODS: We determined the cardiorenal and humoral actions of intravenous bolus administration of CBA-NP (n=5) and ABC-NP (n=5) at 25 microgram/Kg in 2 separate group of normal anesthetized dogs. We also assessed the cGMP response of both peptides in human aortic endothelial cells (HAEC), human cardiac fibroblast (HCF) and isolated canine glomeruli. * p<0.05
RESULTS: IV bolus administration of CBA-NP and ABC-NP resulted in diuresis* and natriuresis*. There was a significant decrease in mean arterial blood (MAP) pressure with CBA-NP (126±6 to113±7 mmHg*) but no change with ABC-NP(126±8 to126±8 mmHg) . In addition, the reduction in pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) and right atrial pressure (RAP) was significantly greater with CBA-NP as compared to ABC-NP. cGMP generation in HAEC and HCF was minimal with ABC-NP and was significantly higher with CBA-NP*. In contrast, cGMP generation was similar in isolated glomeruli between the two peptides.
CONCLUSION: Our studies demonstrates that mutation of three amino acid (aa) residues within the CNP ring of CBA-NP from GSM15–17 to REA alters the vascular but not the renal excretory properties. Hence by this strategic mutation within the ring of CBA-NP, we have designed a renal specific peptide ABC-NP resulting in new sequence specific functional information which can be used to design organ specific therapeutic peptides with unique properties tailored for a specific disease state.