Abstract 3751: Selective Improvement of Renal Function in Renovascular Disease by Intra-Renal Infusion of Endothelial Progenitor Cells Restores Myocardial Microvascular Integrity
Background: Renovascular disease (RVD) and impaired renal function are important risk factors for cardiac disease, but it remained unclear whether selective recovery of renal function can reverse cardiac dysfunction.
Aims: This study tested the hypothesis that improvement in renal function using selective intra-renal administration of endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) in swine renovascular hypertension would improve myocardial microvascular (MV) integrity.
Methods: The functions of the myocardial MV (response to IV adenosine) and the stenotic kidney of 7 pigs were assessed in-vivo using multi-detector CT after 6 weeks of RVD and hypertension. Autologous EPC expanded in culture were then infused (10x106 cells) intra-renally, and in vivo studies repeated 4 wks later. Six normal pigs served as controls.
Results: Glomerular filtration rate was lower in RVD compared to normal (47.9±10.1 vs. 70.8±4.3 mL/min, p<0.05) and improved after EPC (to 62.7±1.5 mL/min, p=NS vs. normal), as did renal blood flow. Mean arterial pressure remained elevated after EPC (120.7±11 and 129.4±6 vs. 99.9±4.7 mmHg in normal, p<0.05), and plasma renin activity was unchanged. Myocardial MV permeability-surface area increased in RVD in response to adenosine (0.009±0.001 to 0.011±0.002 AU, p=0.01), while MV volume fraction decreased (4.3±0.8 to 2.7±0.6%, p=0.01), indicating impaired MV barrier function and integrity. Contrarily, both remained unchanged in response to adenosine 4 wks after EPC (0.01±0.002 to 0.01±0.002 AU, p=0.24, and 3.5±0.8 to 3.4±0.5%, p=0.46, respectively), as did normal MV.
Conclusion: A single intra-renal infusion of EPC that improved renal function in experimental RVD also preserved remote myocardial MV function, despite sustained systemic hypertension. These findings underscore the cross talk between renal and cardiac function, and the potential of selective renal EPC intervention to preserve both the kidney and heart in RVD.